Quilon or Kollam, the inhabitants of an ancient port city on the peninsula of the coast is on Lake Ashtamudi. Kollam, the former was an honor advertising Desinganadu sustained life of the Phoenicians and Romans. Powered by SWOP Asia was seen by Ibn Battuta, a lot of ports, where he had seen in the teaching of his travels during a year of punctuation consider the figures in the 14th century.
Kollam District is situated on the gray coast of Kerala. The neighbourhood is orientated on the northland by Alappuzha and northland easternmost of Pathanamthitta regulate in the east by Thirunelveli district of Tamil Nadu, austral district Thiruvavanathapuram and sandwich Arabian Sea.
Two rivers and Kallada Ithikkara finished the area. Sasthamcotta Lake, the only freshwater lake in the utter is in Kollam District.
Kollam(Quilon) is connected by road with the tourist centers of India.
The nearest airport, Thiruvananthapuram, 71 km
Kollam is connected by rail with several major cities.
District Population: 25,84,118
Rain:270 CMS. (Annual)
Mean Max.Temperature:36.0 Deg.C.
The average Min.Temperature:22.4 degrees C.
Tourist season:From August to March
Attractions:Thenmala,Thenmala, Thirumullavaram beach, Varkala beach ,Palaruvi waterfalls
About Kollam District
Land in the area can be classified as sandy loam, larerite and forest lands. The coastal belt and a sandy loam soil of the forest are in the forest belt of the East. The rest of the land area of laterite.
District has a humid tropical climate with an oppressive summer and plenty of seasonal rains. The hot season. It lasted from March to May is followed by the monsoon from June to September. The rest of the year is generally dry.
Kollam, 71 km from Trivandrum is fairly important for trade and commerce and the state is the center of the country’s cashew trading and processing industry.
It is also an important center for the state of the seafood industry, with the port of Neendakara be the center of drag and ice plants.
Kollam District has a large area in the forest. Pathanapuram, Anchal, Kottarakkara Chadayamangalam are blocks and large areas of forest. The divisions and forests are Thenmala Punalur.
All natural gifts a great rivers, dominant hills and forests, lakes and plains, is busy pounding industrial activity that combines the marvels of modern quietly with traces of a bygone era.
Kollam district, which was formerly known as Quilon is popularly known as “equity of God.” This area has a long coastline and there is also an important seaport. Kollam is the gateway to the backwaters of Kerala, and this is Ashtamudi Kayal which constitutes about 30% of this area. This is a place of experience in the summer and the cold climate and the temperature is stable throughout the year. Kollam is surrounded by Tamil Nadu, east, south of Thiruvananthapuram district in the west Arabian Sea, Alappuzha Pathanamthitta district in the north and in the Northeast. Kollam is a 7, the largest area in Kerala.
Topography consists of lakes, rivers, mountains, ponds, woods and farms. The only freshwater lake in Kerala called Sasthamkotta lake in this area. The main rivers are the rivers and river Kallada Ithikkara. A major fishing port located on the banks named Neendakara Ashtamudi. Over a large area, this area is covered by forests, and there is a wildlife sanctuary here is called Shenduruny Wildlife Sanctuary.
The main religions found there are Hinduism, Islam and Christianity. There are many places of pilgrimage for the inhabitants of each community. Some of the famous pilgrimage centers include OACHA Temple, Sree Kottarakkara Mahaganapathy Temple St.Casmir Mathilil Church, Church of Santa Maria, etc Valiyapalli ashram of spiritual leader Mata Devi Amrithanandamayi called Amritapuri is also located here. There are many tourist destinations, such as waterfalls Palaruvi Kollam Thenmala, Agastyamala, Varkala Beach, etc. Kayal Ashtamudi
Many private and state owned educational institutions in Kollam, including schools, arts and science colleges, engineering colleges, medical colleges etc. Kollam is well connected to all places by roads, railways and waterways.
Kollam is famous for its cashew industry, commerce and the approval of the board as the “cashew trading center.” The main crops grown here are rice, coconut, wheat, rubber, pepper, banana, mango, etc., some here are making their livelihood from fishing. Breeding is a sector in Kollam is called a population of cattle.
Kollam the city, the headquarters of Kollam district and Kollam taluk, has a venerable past. It was an emporium of international trade and is now a thriving commercial center. It is located about 71 kms. Thiruvavanathapuram north and is connected by rail, road and standing water.
The edges of town with the famous Lake Ashtamudi. Many foreign tourists visited Kollam in early medieval times. He was an early center of Christian activity in Kerala. It is said that the present town of Kollam was built by the Syrian merchant, Sapir Iso, in the 9th century AD The popularity of Kollam has been established by the time honored adage, when you see Kollam, you don ‘ belong no more. Kollam is an important commercial, industrial and commercial. It is also the headquarters of the Kerala State Cashew Development Corporation.
Located about 80 kms from Punalur is an important pilgrimage center. Sastha temple here, situated in the middle of dense forest. Idol of Sastha is designed to be installed for several centuries before the Christian era. Two important festival of this temple are Mandala Pooja (December-January) and the festival will be held ‘Revathi’ (January-February). Two important elements of the festival Therotam (Chariot festival) and Pushpabhishekam (offering flowers). Nowhere else in the temple in South India are flowers offered to God so generously to Achencoil.
The famous waterfall in Kollam District is situated close to Aryankavu Palaruvi, Kollam – 208 Sencottah NH Season with places to visit is from June to January.
Sasthamcottah is a charming village located about 19 km. from the town of Kollam. It ‘a beautiful place, recreation center and a place of pilgrimage. A large fresh water lake here is said to be the largest of its kind in Kerala. Kollam Town water supply is accomplished by cleaning the water in the lake. Buses are frequently operated Sasthamcottah, which can really be the Queen of the Lakes.
Lake Sasthamkotta the largest lake in Kerala is surrounded by hills on all sides except the south, where he built a dam between the lake of the nearby rice fields. Much of the lake has been reclaimed for agriculture. The source of underground water shoots. The lake has a capacity of 22.39 billion gallons of water and serves as a source of drinking water to half a million people in the district of Kollam
Thenmala is the meeting point of Kollam-Shencottah road and Trivandrum- Shencottah way through the forest, 66 km east of Kollam. There are a number of rubber plantations and tea Thenmala. Wood of all varieties are exported from here to all parts of the country. Themal dam site is open for tourists. Eco resort is Thenmala. All buses passing through Kollam-route stop Tenmala Shencottah. There is also a train station here.